Answer Key to Vermont Women’s History Project Virtual Scavenger Hunt
- Gertrude Robinson Mallary
Gertrude Mallary was State Representative from Fairlee in the 1953 and 1955 sessions of the Vermont Legislature and Orange County Senator in the 1957 session. Mallary was founder and first editor of the New England Holstein Bulletin. She was a premier collector of early Vermont imprints, manuscripts and Vermont histories. Her collection now resides in the Wilbur Library at the University of Vermont.
- Florence Emily Larkin Spaulding
Florence Emily Larkin moved around Vermont a lot before meeting and marrying her husband, Franklin Spaulding. Together, they purchased a secret formula for making foot plasters (used to heal common ailments such as corns and bunions), and established a successful business selling Spaulding Plasters in stores as far away as Cleveland, Ohio and Providence, Rhode Island. The Spauldings drove cross-country six times in a Ford Model T, with Florence doing all of the driving and maintenance on the car. Florence Spaulding outlived both her husband and her two children.
- Jeanne Brink
Jeanne Brink is an Abenaki artist and activist in Vermont. She is from the Obomsawin family of Thompson's Point, VT and Odanak Reserve, Quebec. Her baskets, made of white ash and sweetgrass, have been shown throughout the Northeast. Brink has raised awareness about historical accounts involving the Abenaki people in Vermont. Through the Vermont Folklife Center and a children's book entitled, "Malian's Song", Brink recounts the story of her ancestor, a girl named Malian, and the attacks on an Abenaki community near Montreal led by a British Major in 1759. Jeanne Brink lives in Barre, VT with her husband. She is a mother of three and a grandmother.
- Helen Hartness Flanders
Helen Hartness Flanders was a folk music collector. She was born in Springfield, Vermont, in 1890. Her father was Governor James Hartness. In 1930, she was commissioned by the Vermont Commission on Country Life to record, collect, and edit folk songs from Vermont and the rest of New England. She collected over 4,000 songs throughout her lifetime and published six volumes on songs. In 1941, she presented the Helen Hartness Flanders Ballad Collection to Middlebury College. This collection is regarded as one of the finest American ballad collections in the country. Helen Hartness Flanders died in 1972, leaving behind a priceless musical legacy.
- Daisy Turner
Daisy Turner was born in Grafton, Vermont, to parents who were former slaves. She was a famous for her oral recordings of her family's history, which can be traced back to Africa.
Daisy Turner was proud of her family heritage, and was a strong, outspoken woman from childhood to her death at the age of 104. She is remembered as a gifted storyteller and family historian. The Turner family homestead is located on the "Daisy Turner Loop", a biking trail near Grafton Pond.
- Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge
Grace Anna Goodhue was born in Burlington, Vermont. She attended school in Burlington and graduated from high school in 1897, before attending the University of Vermont. She married Calvin Coolidge, future President of the United States in 1905 and had two sons, John, in 1906 and Calvin Jr., in 1908.
After the death of President Harding, Calvin Coolidge became President on August 3, 1923 and Grace Coolidge officially became the First Lady. She oversaw several renovations of the White House, which included adding a sky parlor for more sunshine and updating the family quarters. As First Lady, she also developed a friendship with Helen Keller. She died on July 8, 1957.
- Arwin Fletcher Bashaw Garellick Sexauer
Arwin Fletcher was a poet and musician born in Richford, VT. She lived in both Richford and Montpelier, VT, marrying three times, each time after the death of the previous husband. In 1975, Arwin F. B. Garellick and her husband Jack were commissioned by the Montpelier Bicentennial Commission to write the Bicentennial heritage song for Montpelier. The song was titled "Forward together - Vermonters Give All. "
- Julia Alvarez
Julia Alvarez is a Latina author who has published books such as "How the Garcia Girls Lost their Accents" and "In the Time of the Butterflies." She is currently a writer in residence at Middlebury College and owns a sustainable farm-literacy center in the Dominican Republic. In 1998 she was invited to serve as part of an international jury, awarding the annual Casa de las Américas prizes in Cuba.
- Hilda Belcher
Painter Hilda Belcher is best known for her portraits, in oil and watercolor, which profile not only specific individuals, but also capture the cultural milieu of their surroundings. Born in Vermont, educated in New York City and Italy, and familiar with many countries and cultures from her extensive travels, Hilda Belcher painted all her life and made her living from the sale of her work. She won many coveted prizes, including awards from the National Academy of Design, the Philadelphia Academy and the American Watercolor Society.
- Pearl Comfort Sydenstricker Buck
Pearl Comfort Sydenstricker, who became famous writing under her married name, Pearl S. Buck, was born on her family's farm in Hillsboro, West Virginia. Her parents were Presbyterian missionaries who lived in China during Buck's childhood until the family had to flee to Shanghai during the Boxer Rebellion. Pearl S. Buck was the first American woman to receive both the Pulitzer and Nobel prizes for Literature. She won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature in 1932 for her novel, "Good Earth". In 1938, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces." She moved permanently to the U.S. in 1934. She created the first adoption center devoted to multi-racial adoption, called the Welcome House.
Buck was also active in the women's rights and civil rights movements. She created the Pearl S. Buck Foundation in 1964, which provides aid to American-Asian children fathered by men in the U.S. military. Buck moved to Vermont in 1950, where she settled in Winhall. In 1969 she moved to Danby. In 1983, the Pearl Buck U.S. Postal Stamp was issued.
- Philomene Daniels
Philomene Daniels, or "Captain Phil", was the first woman in the U.S. to be licensed as Pilot and Master for steamboat navigation. With her husband, Captain Louis Daniels, Jr., she operated the "Daniels Boat Line" on Lake Champlain and on the Otter Creek. Philomene Daniels had about ten years experience at the helm of this craft prior to becoming the first licensed female steamboat captain. Daniels then operated her own boat, "The Victor". While her husband ran the daily ferry, Philomene would often use her ferry to run "excursion trips". On these trips, she transported wealthy passengers from Vergennes and Westport to New York City. When Captain Louis Daniels died in 1903, Philomene Daniels continued to run the business until her son, Mitchell, and his wife, Helen, took over. The Westport Marina, on Lake Champlain, operates "Philomene Boat Tours" in her honor.
- Addie Card
Mistakenly identified as Addie Laird for decades, Addie Card became a symbol of child labor reform when, in 1910, Louis Hine took a picture of her working in a mill in North Pownal at the age of 12. The photo, and thus Addie, became world famous. The photo was commemorated as a U.S. Postal Service stamp in 1998.
Addie Card grew up in Pownal, Vermont, working as a child in the cotton mill. Addie Card lived a very hard life, never escaping from poverty; nor did she learn that her photo served as a symbol of child labor reform. Her gravestone in St. Agnes Cemetery in Cohoes, New York reads "Adeline M. Lavigne, 'Gramma Pat.’"
- Frances Buchanan Allen
Frances Montresor Buchanan, also known as Fanny, was very interested in botany and was an accomplished musician who grew up in New York City. She married John Buchanan, a Naval Officer, in 1776. He died during the American Revolution, leaving her a twenty-four year old widow. She met Ethan Allen in 1784 and they were married on February 7, 1784. After Ethan Allen's death in 1789, she and her children moved back to her mother's home in Westminster, Vermont. Her union with Allen resulted in three children: Fanny, Hannibal, and Ethan. She later married her third husband, Judge Jabez Penniman, in 1792.
- Lucy Terry Prince
Lucy Terry Prince was a former slave turned unofficial lawyer and poet. She was born in Africa (some sources use 1724 as her birth date and others use 1732) and was kidnapped and forced into slavery. Prince became one of America's first African American poets when she composed a poem about an Abenaki Raid on Deerfield, "Bar's Fight," a thirty-line ballad of rhyming couplets. The poem was transmitted orally for more than 100 years and first appeared in print in 1855. Prince also tried unsuccessfully to get one of her sons admitted to Williams College in Massachusetts, skillfully citing scripture and law "in an earnest and eloquent speech of three hours" to the Board of Trustees. When her husband died in 1794, Prince left Guilford and moved to Sunderland, Vermont. She died at her home in Sunderland in 1821.
- Consuelo Northrop Bailey
Woman of many firsts, including first female Lieutenant Governor in the U.S. (1956); first Vermont woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court (1933); first woman State's Attorney in Vermont; and first woman to try (and win) a murder case in Vermont (1929). Elected Vice-Chairman of the Republican State Committee (1934) and Republican National Committeewoman for Vermont (1935), an office which she held for 37 years.